Like most countries in Western and Central Europe, Croatia is parliamentary democracy.
The legislative is created by only one chamber – Hrvatski Sabor (which means Croatian Assembly), however before the amendment to the constitution in 21 March 2001, the Croatian parliament was composed of two chambers: House of Representative (Zastupnicki dom) and the House of Counties (Zupanijski dom).
As was mentioned, nowadays the Parliament is single-chamber and number of members vary from 100 to 160, but this number is not constant. The election takes places every 4 years and Sabor’s representatives are all elected in general, equal and secretly election. The Parliament meets in two periods (15 January – 15 June and 15 September to 15 December).
Powers of the parliament is for instant: make decisions about changes in constitution, declaration of war and peace, approve budget, summon referendum and elections and also control army. The Sabor is able to pass the bills and besides that every member of Sabor has a legislative initiative as well as parliamentary clubs or government.
Last election was held in 4 December 2011 and was fierce competition between two major political coalitions/alliances – Kukuriku coalition (40% votes) and HDZ (23,8% votes).
First one was formed in 2010 and consist of four centre-left and centrist parties: Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP), Croatian People’s Party – Liberal Democrats (HNS), Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), and Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU). Second coalition is composed of Croatian Democratic Union, Croatian Civic Party and Democratic Centre.
The executive is represented by the government (Vlada) and the president of Croatia (Predsjednik Republike).
The President of the Republic represents and acts for the Republic of Croatia at home and abroad. Directly he is elected to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms. The President provides for the regular, balanced operation and stability of state authorities, is responsible for defending the state’s independence and territorial integrity, is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, calls elections to the Croatian Parliament and convenes its first sitting, calls referendum, confides the mandate to form the Government, confers decorations and awards and has some influence on foreign policy. The last presidential elections in Croatia were held on 10 January 2010, when Ivo Josipovic from SDP won.
The Vlada consists of Prime Minister and one or more (now is four) Deputy Prime Minister and 17 ministries. The government proposes laws and other acts to the Croatian Parliament, proposes the budget , executes laws and other decisions by the Parliament, adopts decrees to implement the law, conducts internal and foreign policy, directs and supervises the work of the state administration, takes care of the economic development of the country, and directs the performance and development of public services. Official residence of the Vlada at Banski dvori.
Current Prime Minister is Zoran Milanowic, who has held power since 23rd December 2011.
The judiciary is three-tiered system, made by the Supreme Court, County courts, and Municipal courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the Republic of Croatia and ensures the uniform application of the law and the equality of all citizens. The President of the Supreme Court is elected for a period of 4 years.
The State Attorney’s Office as an autonomous, independent judicial body is obliged to proceed against perpetrators of criminal offences and other punishable offences, to undertake legal actions to protect the property of the Republic of Croatia and to protect the Constitution and the law. The last court, which is separated from judicial pyramid is the Constitutional Court. Generally it decides on the conformity of law with the Constitution, but also resolves jurisdictional disputes between the legislative, executive and judicial branches, monitors elections and state referenda.
Beside that in Croatia exists office of the Ombudsman, who is a commissioner of the Croatian Parliament who promotes and protects the constitutional rights of citizens. He is elected for 8 years by Croatian Parliament. Moreover the Republic of Croatia have offices of ombudsmen for children, gender equality and for persons with disabilities.
Social Democratic Party of Croatia (Socijaldemokratska partija Hrvatske, SDP) - date of foundation: 3rd November 1990 - leaders: Zoran Milanovic...Read more
Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska demokratska zajednica,HDZ) - date of foundation: 17th June 1989 - leader: Tomislav Karamarko - ideology:...Read more
Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats (Hrvatska narodna stranka – liberalni demokrati, HNS) - date of foundation: 13th October...Read more
Croatian Labourists – Labour Party (Hrvatski laburisti - Stranka rada) - date of foundation: 31st March 2010 - leaders:...Read more
Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (Hrvatski demokratski savez Slavonije i Baranje, HDSSB) - date of foundation: 6th May...Read more
Istrian Democratic Assembly (Istarski demokratski sabo, IDS) - date of foundation: 14th Febuary 1990 - leaders: Boris Miletić -...Read more
Croatian Party of Pensioners (Hrvatska stranka umirovljenik, HSU) - date of foundation: 26th April 1996 - leaders: Silvano Hrelja...Read more
Independent Democratic Serb Party (Samostalna demokratska srpska stranka, SDSS) - date of foundation: 1997 - leaders: Voijslav Stanimirovic -...Read more
Croatian Civic Party (Hrvatska građanska stranka, HGS) - date of foundation: 25th September 2009 - leaders: Zeljko Kerum -...Read more
Croatian Party of Rights dr. Ante Starčević (Hrvatska stranka prava dr. Ante Starčević) - date of foundation: 2009 -...Read more
Democratic Centre (Demokratski centar, DC) - date of foundation: 2nd April 2000 - leaders: Vesna Skare-Ozbolt - ideology: liberal...Read more
Croatian Peasant Party (Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) - date of foundation: 1904,1989 - leaders: Branko Hrg - ideology: agrarianism,...Read more
OraH (Održivi razvoj Hrvatske) Foundation: 20.10.2013. Leader: Mirela Holy Ideology: left-center, green party International Affiliation: none Political groups in...Read more
- GDP Q/Q:
- 2013: Q2 -0,7%
- 2013: Q3-0,6%
- 2013: Q4-1,2%
- 2014: Q1-0,4%
- 2011: 18,200 $
- 2012: 17,900$
- 2013: 17,800 $
- Inflation Rate (Y/Y):
- April 2014: -0,46%
- May 2014: -0,18%
- June 2014: 0,17%
- July 2014: -0,1%
- Budget deficit:
- 2010 – 5,3%
- 2011: 6,4%
- 2012: 7,8%
- 2013: 5,0%
- Public debt:
- 2011: 44,9%
- 2012: 51,9%
- 2013: 55,8%
- 2014: 67,1%
- Unemployments (monthly):
- May 2014: 19,6%
- June 2014: 18,3%
- July 2014: 17,8%
- Export netto / GDP:
- 2010 – 39.5%
- 2011 – 42.7%
- 2012 – 43.5%
- 2013 – 42.8%
Description/ Commercial activities: In its own words, the company has a leading role in the oil business in Croatia, as...Read more
Description/Commercial activities: HEP (Hrvatska elektroprivreda) is a national power company. The company deals with electricity production, transmission and distribution, as...Read more
Description/Commercial activities: The Agrokor Group is the largest privately owned company in Croatia and one of the leading companies in...Read more
Description/Commercial activities: T-HT Group is the leading provider of telecommunications services in Croatia. It combines the services of fixed and...Read more
Description/Commercial activities: „Orbico Group is the leading distributor for a large number of quality globally known brands ranging from beauty...Read more
Description/Commercial activities: In its own words, Atlantic Group is one of the leading food companies in the region. In addition,...Read more
1) Ivica Todoric – is the owner of the largest privately food firm Agrokor, which is doing business within Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia and employing almost 40,000 people. The Agrokor Group is one of the leading regional companies, which among various brands owns Croatia’s largest supermarket chain Konzum. Moreover he has opened a gas station in the Croatian capital, Zagreb.
Lately, in June 2014 he bought Mercator shares (biggest Slovenian supermarket chain) and it was really big news in the whole Balkan’s region. His personal fortune is reckon over 4,4 billion kuna (about 573 million euro), what makes Todoric the richest man in the Balkan.
2) Luksic family – who settled in Chile, are in the mining, brewing and banking business around the world and are in 35th place on the American Forbes list. In last year their wealth has grown by 446 mln HRK (58,5 mln EUR). In Croatia they own the Plava Laguna resort and the Adriatic luxury hotels, which is run by Davor Luksic Lederer, the grandson of the Luksic empire creator Andronico Luksic.
3) Emil Tedeschi – is the major owner of Atlantic Group, which is also one of the leading food and nutrition companies in the region, with the renowned local brands which are supported by own distribution system on all markets in the region. These brands are for instance: Rosal, Argeta, Cockta, Smoki. His personal fortunes is estimated at 145,4 million euro. Besides that Tedeschi is friends with current Croatian Prime Minister, Zoran Milanovic, is the part-time DJ and Honorary Irish Consul.
4) Besnier Family – is the owner of multi-national dairy products corporation, Lactalis. It is known for brands like Sorrento, President, Valmont, Rachel’s Organic and Dukat. The last one is leading brand of dairy product in Croatia. Their personal fortunes is estimated at 131 million euro
5) Ante Vlahovic – is the largest individual shareholder in the Adris Group, which is involved in the tourism industry – Adria Resorts, that control hotels, apartment and camping for 34,000 tourists. Furthermore not without reason Vlahovic is called Croatian “king of tobacco”, he owns the largest tobacco company Tvornica Duhana Rovinj. His personal fortune is reckon over 86,5 mln EUR. Privately, he collects in work of arts and invests in real-estates at peninsula Istria. Ante is also the biggest donator in Croatia.
6) Plinio Cuccurin – since 1 jnauary 2004 he became director of the tobacco division within the Adris Group and is the second biggest shareholders of it. A skilled lawyer and one of Ante Vlahović’s closest associated. His personal fortunes is estimates at 52 mln EUR.
7) Marinko Zadro – is co-owner of sugar factory Viro. His personal fortune is reckon over 51 mln EUR. He is a graduate technology engineer by profession. He was Director for many years of the sugar factory in Sremska Mitrovica and he has dedicated his whole active life to the activities related to the sugar industry.
8) Andjelko Leko – is the director and co-owner of HUP Zagreb, a hotel company which includes a series of the most elite Zagreb hotels such as Opera, Sheraton, Panoramo, International and Palace. His personal fortune is estimates at 44,5 mln EUR.
9) Drazen Robic – is one of the biggest shareholders and the Member of the Management Board of sugar factory Viro. Besides sugar factory, he is also distributor of juices HeyHo and Macedonian wine. Robic owns brewery in BiH, which is producing Prima beer. He graduated at the Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum and acquired the degree of petroleum mining engineer. His personal fortune is reckon over 36 mln EUR.
10) Marko (and Marijana) Pipunic – are owner(s) of factory Zito from Osijek. His personal fortune is estimates at 33 mln EUR.
on the basis of Croatian edition of Forbes magazine from April 2013