Political system

The Republic of Lithuania restored its independence in 1990 March 11th, after 50 years of Soviet and Nazi occupations. The constitution guarantees equality before the law for all citizens regardless of their race, religion, sex, ethnicity, social status or political opinions. Lithuania officially has no state religion.

The political system of the Republic of Lithuania is a semi-presidential democracy, where there is a clear separation of powers between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.

The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania is a unicameral parliament and the supreme legislative power in Lithuania. It consists of 141 members elected for 4 year terms in direct elections in secret ballots. The voting threshold for a party to enter parliament is 5%. Half of Seimas members are elected in a proportional voting system, where citizens vote for party lists, and the other half consists of members elected directly in electoral districts.

The Government of the Republic of Lithuania consists of 14 ministers and the Prime minister, who are appointed by the President of the Republic of Lithuania and selected by the political parties that have formed a ruling coalition. It is the country’s main executive power, responsible for the main affairs of the country, carrying out law and maintains homeland security.

The President of the Republic of Lithuania is officially the head of state and supreme commander of Lithuania’s armed forces. It is elected directly for a 5-year term and cannot serve more than 2 terms consecutively. The President is under Lithuania’s Constitution the main official responsible foreign and defence policy.

The Speaker of Seimas is officially the second person in Lithuania after the President. It is elected by the Parliament and is solely responsible only to it. The speaker presides over the work of Seimas.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania is an independent court responsible for judicial review of Seimas and the Government’s legal acts, conformity of them and international treaties with the Constitution and other constitutional issues. The judges are selected for a single nine-year term by the Seimas for the candidates presented by the President, Seimas and the Supreme judge. Each of them presents three judges.


Tėvynės Sąjunga-Lietuvos Krikščionys Demokratai

After the 2000 Parliamentary election the Homeland Union faced an existential crisis. In order to reignite itself it started to...

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Darbo Partija

Since its founding the Labour party has been all about is long-time de jure and still de facto leader Viktor...

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Lietuvos Lenkų Rinkimų Akcija

For a long time Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles was a marginal political force. However, since 2008 was increasing its...

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Lietuvos Respublikos Liberalu Sajudis

Since 2006, the Liberal Movement has been gradually strengthening its position as the main political party in Lithuania. It has...

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Tvarka ir Teisingumas

The party was formed as a new liberal political block. However, it has always been dominated by one person –...

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Lietuvos Socialdemokratų Partija

The Social Democratic Party of Lithuania became a major force in Lithuanian politics after it had merged with ex-communists in...

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Macroeconomic data

Media - The second mostly visited news website in Lithuania. Full name: UAB “15Min” Abbreviation: Founded: 2008 Owners/shareholders: 100%...

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Delfi is the main and the most popular internet news portal in Lithuania providing daily news on all topics. Delfi...

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Lithuanian National Radio and Television

Full name: Lithuanian National Radio and Television Abbreviation: LRT Founded: Lithuanian Radio began its transmissions in 1926, Lithuanian Radio 2...

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Key companies

Achemos grupė

Achemos grupė is the second biggest company in Lithuania. It is local capital company and includes 50 companies engaged in...

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Maxima Grupė

Maxima is the largest retail market chain in Lithuania. It is the largest Lithuanian capital company and the largest employer...

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MG Baltic Group

MG Baltic is one of the biggest Lithuanian companies which directly or indirectly controls a group of 61 companies engaged...

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