Moldova and EU integration process

13.04.2015 | By Ludmila Covalciuc

As soon as the current political situation in Moldova became slightly clearer, following the parliamentary elections at the end of 2014, the country welcomed a visit from the Latvian officials on 26 March 2015. The visit of the Latvian Ministry of Exterior, Edgars Rinkēvičs, in Chişinău was paid in the context of the Eastern Partnership summit that will take place in Riga on 21 and 22 May 2015, as well assessment of the progress of the Moldova–European Union Association Agreement and continuation of the dialogue between Moldova and EU with regards to the facilitation of the integration process.

The Latvian official held discussions with the Prime Minister of Moldova, Chiril Gaburici, and the Deputy Prime Minister, Natalia Gherman, who is also the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. The main discussions focused on the political development of Moldova and the bilateral relations between the two countries. The emphasis was made on the fact that Moldova, while still being a developing country, is supported and encouraged to continue its reforms in order to bring it closer to the EU.

Considering that the main problems that Moldova currently faces include corruption, poor investment opportunities and lagoons in the educational, financial and law systems, this support is very useful, especially at this stage, which will better facilitate the development and modernization of the country. Moreover, the autonomous territories of Gagauzia and Transnistria are another issue. While these two regions need to be considered with a slightly different specific, they are both linked directly to the integrity of Moldova and until the local government finds a way to establish a more cooperative and constructive discussion with the heads of the regions in order to elucidate the conflicts, the situation tends to remain the same, which is not viewed with enthusiasm at an international level.

EU presents big opportunities for the Republic of Moldova and hopefully the legislative and executive bodies of the country, as well as the civil society, will do what it takes to make it an easy, efficient and constructive collaboration. For this purpose, the continuation of the reform policy is a good move forward and has already shown good results (e.g. visa-free regime for the countries from the Schengen Area). There is still a lot of work to do, the progress takes place slowly, but our steps are sure and Moldova does have the potential. With the right approaches and the implementation of the corresponding reforms we can plead for the next stage in the development process, which is receiving the status of a candidate country in the integration with the EU.