Smer–sociálna demokracia(SMER-SD)


Political parties of the Slovakia Republic

  1. Direction – Social Democracy /

Smer–sociálna demokracia(SMER-SD)


Leader: Robert Fico

Ideology: Social-democracy/ Pro-Europeanism

European Parliament group: The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament

National Council members (2012-): 83/150

European Parliament members ( 2014-): 4/13

  • Boris ZALA
  • Monika SMOLKOVÁ
  • Vladimír MAŇKA


Main calls:

  • “social certainty” for people
  • empowerment of the Slovak Republic in the EU and the world
  • sustainable economic growth
  • growth of competitiveness
  • importance of public sector
  • knowledge society
  • regional development
  • convergence of the economy to advanced countries


Direction-Social Democracy: – SMER was established in 1999 by Robert Fico as a splinter from SDĽ (Party of the Democratic Left). It quickly became one of the most popular parties in Slovakia. The party may be considered as a pragmatic centrist party. In 2005, it was renamed Direction – Social Democracy (Smer – Sociálna Demokracia) and merged with three other parties: Party of the Democratic Left (SDL), Social Democratic Alternative (SDA), and Social Democratic Party of Slovakia (SDSS).Following the party’s victory on the Parliamentary Elections in 2006, Smer entered into a coalition with the nationalist Slovak National Party (SNS).Smer-SD is a member of the Party of European Socialists (PES).Smer-SD is the largest party in the National Council of Slovakia, with an absolute majority of 83 seats (out of 150) following the Parliamentary Election held on 10 March 2012.In the 2014 European elections, Smer-SD came first place nationally and elected 4 MEPs.

The party is perceived quite controversially. Some, mostly higher educated, consider it as a  party of thieves and populists. Others respect it, because it uses social rhetoric, while other parties not so much or because it is the only relevant leftist party in the country. On the peak it popularity was almost 50%. Even though the government is composed of only this party, it is much less radical than they had been promising. They did not present progressive taxes neither other classical socially-democratic policies, which would radically change the system. This is the argument used by its opponents – SMER is not trying to change the system to more social one, but to a one, where it will be easier to steal.